Pavel Pepperstein was born in 1966 in Moscow. From 1985 to 1987 he studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Prague. In 1987 he co-founded the experimental group of artists called Inspection Medical Hermeneutics (P.Pepperstein, S. Anufriev, Y.Liederman, V. Fedorov). The ideology of Medical Hermeneutics was the fusion of incompatible descriptive language, from contemporary western philosophy and Orthodox theology, Daoism and Buddhism to the language of psychiatry and pharmacology, which created a completely unique manner of expression. Since 1989 Pepperstein has been an independent artist, writer, critic, art theorist and rap musician. His work is a continuation of the tradition started by the Moscow Conceptual School. In 2009 Pepperstein represented Russia at the Venice Biennale where his installation Landscapes of the Future was widely acclaimed and received numerous outstanding reviews from critics. Pepperstein’s works have been exhibited in many museums and galleries in Russia and around the world, including The Louvre. His paintings, drawings and installations can be found in the Tretyakov State Gallery in Moscow, the Russian State Museum in St Petersburg, the George Pompidou Centre in Paris and in many private collections both in Russia and abroad. Pepperstein’s various articles on the problems presented by contemporary art have been published both at home and abroad.